Environmental stresses and related conflicts have created global humanitarian crises that have displaced 65 million people. Grievances over land and valuable natural resources both drive and fund global conflicts; since 1989, more than 35 major armed conflicts were funded by the extraction of resources such as diamonds and timber. While the environment is a silent victim of these conflicts, it can also serve as the foundation of peace, as post-conflict recovery relies on natural resources to support livelihoods, enhance economic recovery, and reintegrate excombatants. Resources can also provide mutual incentives and opportunities for communities to build trust.
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